**TOPIC**: Selection of Initial Values

[ The following is a reply to an email message of a reader of the book]

**Q:** By the way, could you tell readers how to set the initial
values in your book?

**REPLY**

There is a very small section in page 107 (section 3.4.6.7) for initial values.

Some rough rules are the following

- avoid values that cause over-flow or underflows.
- in normal regression usual starting points are intercept = mean of y, all other coefficients =zero, precision =1. These usually do not cause any problems. Similar approach can be used in other models.
- If you want to have good starting points use MLEs when the prior is not informative or the posterior mode if the prior is informative. This assumes that you will have to estimate them in another package.